Third Phase training begins with Bingatang Ampat (four animal style). Each of the four animals; Crane, Snake, Monkey and Tiger, encompass three complete martial arts systems. Poekoelan is a traditional martial art with roots going back thousands of years.
Crane (Blekok), from which we take our aerial and multiple kicking techniques, also lends us the erratic moods of the Mad Crane and the quieter, more deadly moves of the Lazy Crane.
Snake (Oeler), from which we learn fast striking out of any position, is also our study for the Cobra and the King Cobra.
Monkey (Monjet), with its playful (but fierce) energy and medium height stances, sets the groundwork for the heavy, effective moves of the Ape, and the crazy antics of the Drunken Monkey
Tiger (Matjanan), The tiger’s grounded movements leads us to the three-limbed fighting style of Harimau. The surprising but deadly moves of Matjanan Tienggie – Leaping Tiger – challenge practitioners to move quickly up from the grounded positions to attack either standing or grounded opponents.
Third Phase also includes the practice of standards, personal forms, and weapons forms both Chinese & traditional Indonesian. In Third Phase Fighting, practitioners learn joeroes (combinations of strikes) from all the animals, along with the internal development of the ilmu (spirit) of each one. More advanced students train the spirit of the Naga (the Indonesian Dragon).
Lunkas, Sets and Kumbongs
Lunkas and Sets echo traditional kata in that they are a series of combined training movements, although Poekoelan really doesn’t bear much resemblance to most traditional styles.
Lunkas train the high to low movements of silat (Indonesian Martial Arts), as well as basic footwork of the animals.
Sets combine animal Joeroes and fighting techniques and serve to teach endurance, performance and the dynamic pacing of the style.
Kumbongs combine all the components of each individual’s fighting style. At every level, students create their own Kumbongs, developing movement that suits their style of fighting and reflects their love and devotion for the art.
“Nothing you can do is wrong”, is a common refrain you hear on the workout floor at Tulen Center. Like much of our training, the most important aspect to any Kumbong is the amount of heart which you pour into your art, not the degree of difficulty of the movement.
Ranking and Testing
The ranking system in Poekoelan Tjimindie Tulen originally was based on only two ranks, white sash, signifying beginning, purity and innocence, and black belt, signifying knowledge, mystery and humility. A practitioner of Tulen is not measured by the rank or the color worn around their waist but by their heart – the love and devotion they show for the art – and by the compassion they show towards others.
Meditation is a very important aspect of Poekolean. Meditation allows students to focus on what is at hand, whether that be their class, homework, or something else in the daily lives. Students are encouraged to practice meditation through movement. A series of breathing techniques called Dynamic Tensions help to cleanse the internal organs and balance the system. Students learn to control breath and energy for health, healing and combat.